This pagoda is a historic temple in the city of Huế and has seven stories and is the tallest religious building in Vietnam.

Built in 1601 on the order of the first Nguyễn lords, who were the de facto independent ruler of central Vietnam.

According to the royal annals, Hoang while touring the vicinity, was told of the local legend in which an old lady, known as Thiên Mụ dressed in red and blue sat at the site, rubbing her cheeks. She foretold that a lord would come and erect a pagoda on the hill to pray for the country's prosperity. She then vanished after making her prophecy. Upon hearing this, Hoang ordered the construction of a temple at the site, thus the beginning of Thiên Mụ Tự.

The original temple was simply constructed, then later expanded and refurbished. In 1665